General Dentistry is the award-winning, peer-reviewed journal of the Academy of General Dentistry. Published bimonthly, General Dentistry features clinical articles spanning the breadth of topics relevant to general dentists, including unique diagnostic case reports, novel solutions to common treatment dilemmas, evidence-based best practices, and the science to help you choose the best materials, technology and procedures for your patients and your practice.
Table of Contents
Editorial Camaraderie and friendshipTimothy F. KosinskiFull Article (PDF)
2022 May/June; 70(3):6.
Esthetics Using dental lasers to address challenging cosmetic issuesWynn OkudaFull Article (PDF)
2022 May/June; 70(3):7-9.
Prosthodontics How many restorations are enough?Samuel M. StrongFull Article (PDF)
2022 May/June; 70(3):10-12.
Pharmacology Articaine: an update on its benefits and risksMana SaraghiFull Article (PDF)
Elliot V. Hersh
2022 May/June; 70(3):13-16.
Oral Diagnosis Periapical radiopacity and Anomalous toothGalal OmamiFull Article (PDF)
2022 May/June; 70(3):78,80.
Self-Instruction Answers Exercises No. GD474, GD475, and GD476 from the May/June 2021 issue2022 May/June; 70(3):79.Full Article (PDF)
Esthetics/Cosmetic Dentistry Conservative approach to masking a darkened tooth with a direct composite resin restoration: a case report with 5-year follow-upElbert da Costa SampaioFull Article (PDF)
Camila de Sousa Caneschi
Rodrigo de Castro Albuquerque
Allyson Nogueira Moreira
Luís Fernando dos Santos Alves Morgan
A direct conservative technique with minimal removal of tooth structure was used to restore a severely discolored endodontically treated tooth in a 25-year-old man. The darkened substrate was masked with an opacifier prior to restoration with composite resin. Despite slight incisal wear and loss of brightness, the veneer still provided satisfactory function and esthetics 5 years after placement.
2022 May/June; 70(3):17-20.
Self-Instruction Exercise No. GD492
Restorative Dentistry Effect of decontamination procedures on marginal and internal adaptation in saliva-contaminated composite resin restorationsEftychia PappaFull Article (PDF)
An in vitro study evaluated the effect of saliva contamination of dentin on the marginal and internal adaptation of composite resin restorations. Saliva contamination that occurred after adhesive application negatively affected adaptation, but reapplication of the adhesive restored the adaptation values.
2022 May/June; 70(3):22-26.
Basic Science Effects of polyvinyl chloride film and oxygen-blocking gel on irradiance and depth of cureFabrício Luscino Alves de CastroFull Article (PDF)
Cláudia Cristina Braga
Ana Paula Albuquerque Guedes
Paulo Francisco Cesar
Flávia Bittencourt Pazinatto
This study examined the effect of oxygen-blocking gel (OBG) thickness and polyvinyl chloride (PVC) film fit on the irradiance from an LED source and the curing depth of a composite resin. Although no significant effects were found for curing depth, irradiance values were inversely influenced by OBG—the greater the OBG thickness, the lower the irradiance. The use of PVC film also reduced the irradiance.
2022 May/June; 70(3):27-32.
Self-Instruction Exercise No. GD493
Esthetics/Cosmetic Dentistry Can brushing with regular and whitening dentifrices influence changes in color and micromorphologic surfaces of ceramic brackets subjected to coffee staining?Alessandra Fernandes Gonçalves PavanFull Article (PDF)
Jurandir Antonio Barbosa
Flávio Henrique Baggio Aguiar
Roberta Tarkany Basting
This study compared the effects of regular and whitening dentifrices on changes in color and micromorphologic surfaces of ceramic orthodontic brackets following coffee staining. None of the dentifrices prevented the brackets from staining, but they did reduce the magnitude of color change. The regular dentifrice was the most effective at reducing color change.
2022 May/June; 70(3):34-40.
Periodontics Treatment planning for a patient with generalized advanced periodontitis: a case reportFei Yee LimFull Article (PDF)
The treatment planning process for a patient with generalized advanced periodontitis (stage IV, grade C) is discussed in this case report, which also reviews the indications for retaining or extracting periodontally compromised natural teeth.
2022 May/June; 70(3):41-45.
Implants Evaluation of deviation in implants placed at different depths with a prototype surgical guide: an in vitro studyMarlon CarvalhoFull Article (PDF)
João Marcelo Meireles Rodrigues
Pâmela Leticia Santos
Livia Sertori Finoti
The linear and angular deviations between planned and actual implant positions were assessed after a prototype surgical guide was used during surgery. Linear deviations in implant position increased significantly with each millimeter of implant depth (1, 2, 3, or 4 mm), but there were no significant differences in angular deviations.
2022 May/June; 70(3):46-50.
Self-Instruction Exercise No. GD494
Basic Science Bone and gingival tissue thicknesses of maxillary anterior teeth with and without a metal post: a cone beam computed tomographic studyMatheus Sampaio de OliveiraFull Article (PDF)
Paulo Victor Teixeira Doriguêtto
Bruno Salles Sotto-Maior
Karina Lopes Devito
The buccal bone and gingival thicknesses of maxillary anterior teeth with and without metal posts were measured on cone beam computed tomographic (CBCT) images. The CBCT images of teeth with metal posts showed alterations in bone and gingival measurements, suggesting a possible interference of metal artifacts.
2022 May/June; 70(3):52-55.
Laser Therapy/Electrosurgery Use of high-power lasers in pediatric dental surgeries: case reportsAllana da Silva e SilvaFull Article (PDF)
Ana Margarida Melo Nunes
Pierre Adriano Moreno Neves
Andréa Dias Neves Lago
These case reports describe the use of high-power diode lasers to perform 3 minor oral surgical procedures—biopsy, lingual frenectomy, and operculectomy—in 2 children. The operative time in each case did not exceed 5 minutes, no sutures were used, and no postoperative complications were reported.
2022 May/June; 70(3):56-59.
Restorative Dentistry Mechanical properties of bulk-fill composite resin with or without a final layer of conventional composite resinLucas LaraFull Article (PDF)
Mateus Garcia Rocha
Livia Rodrigues de Menezes
Américo Bortolazzo Correr
Mario Alexandre Coelho Sinhoreti
The flexural strength and elastic modulus of different bulk-fill composite resin restorations were evaluated in specimens with or without a final layer of conventional composite of the same brand. The results indicated that a final layer of conventional composite can affect the mechanical properties of bulk-fill materials, but the effects are dependent on the type of conventional composite resin applied.
2022 May/June; 70(3):60-64.
Pediatric Dentistry Prevalence and association of temporomandibular disorders with malocclusion and anxiety in children and adolescents: a cross-sectional observational studyAida MehdipourFull Article (PDF)
Interviews, physical examinations, and an anxiety rating instrument were used to evaluate the prevalence of temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) and the association of TMDs with malocclusion and anxiety in children aged 6 to 12 years. The results showed significant correlations between anxiety and TMDs, malocclusion and TMDs, and parafunctional habits and TMDs.
2022 May/June; 70(3):65-71.
Restorative Dentistry Attitudes of dentists toward maintaining, repairing, or replacing direct composite resin restorationsClaudiôner de Oliveira e SilvaFull Article (PDF)
Lawrence Gonzaga Lopes
Érica Miranda de Torres
Ricardo Antônio Gonçalves Teixeira
Terezinha de Jesus Esteves Barata
Andreia Assis Carvalho
João Batista de Souza
A survey that included clinical scenarios was conducted to determine dentists’ reasons for replacement of direct composite resin restorations. According to respondents, the conditions most often warranting replacement were staining (esthetic property) and material fracture/retention (functional property). Replacement was the most frequently reported clinical decision, although repair was the FDI-recommended response for all the presented scenarios.
2022 May/June; 70(3):72-77.