March/April 2021

Table of Contents


  • Editorial The value of continual education

    Timothy F. Kosinski

    2021 March/April; 69(2):5.

    Full Article (PDF)
  • Letter to the Editor Treating patients with special health needs

    2021 March/April; 69(2):6.

    Full Article (PDF)
  • Esthetics Treating the esthetic dental emergency

    Wynn H. Okuda

    2021 March/April; 69(2):8-10.

    Full Article (PDF)
  • Pharmacology The intersection between stress and drug-induced bruxism

    Jason H. Goodchild
    Mark Donaldson

    2021 March/April; 69(2):12-15.

    Full Article (PDF)
  • Pain Management Myofascial pain diagnosis: remembering that muscles can cause pain

    Christopher J. Spencer

    2021 March/April; 69(2):16-19.

    Full Article (PDF)
  • Prosthodontics Workflow for conversion of dentures to interim hybrid appliances

    Samuel M. Strong

    2021 March/April; 69(2):20-22.

    Full Article (PDF)
  • 2020 Reviewers General Dentistry expresses its gratitude to 2020 peer reviewers

    2021 March/April; 69(2):70-75.

    Full Article (PDF)
  • Oral Diagnosis Rootless teeth and Condylar osteolysis

    Galal Omami

    2021 March/April; 69(2):76,78.

    Full Article (PDF)
  • Self-Instruction Answers Exercises No. GD453, GD454, and GD455 from the March/April 2020 issue

    2021 March/April; 69(2):80.

    Full Article (PDF)

Clinical Articles

  • Oral Medicine, Oral Diagnosis, Oral Pathology What every dentist needs to know about human papillomavirus

    John K. Henry
    Griffin S. Votolato
    John K. Brooks
    Fouad M. Abbas
    Nasir Bashirelahi

    This article reviews the oral health implications of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, including oral and oropharyngeal prevalence, manifestations, neoplastic potential of HPV-associated head and neck lesions, treatment modalities, and vaccine use. 

    2021 March/April; 69(2):23-27.

    Full Article (PDF)

    Oral Medicine, Oral Diagnosis, Oral Pathology Intraosseous neurilemoma of the mandible with unusual multilocular presentation: a case report

    Mônica Ghislaine Oliveira Alves
    André Caroli Rocha
    Yasmin Rodarte Carvalho
    Janete Dias Almeida

    This case report describes the rare occurrence of an intraosseous neurilemoma presenting radiographically as a multilocular lesion in a 12-year-old girl. The diagnosis was confirmed with histologic and immunohistochemical analyses, and the lesion was managed with conservative surgical excision. 

    2021 March/April; 69(2):28-32.

    Full Article (PDF)
    Self-Instruction Exercise No. GD471
  • Restorative Dentistry Surface degradation of composite resins for direct restorations: effects on wear and gloss retention

    Mutasim Elnour
    Ivo Krejci
    Tissiana Bortolotto

    This study assessed the 2-body wear and gloss retention of 7 different composite resins for direct restorations following thermomechanical cycling and 15 minutes of simulated toothbrushing, respectively. The universal composite resin Filtek Supreme XTE attained the lowest wear rates and the best gloss retention. 

    2021 March/April; 69(2):34-39.

    Full Article (PDF)

    Restorative Dentistry Effect of hydroelectrolytic and energy beverages on the color stability and fluorescence of composite resins

    Luciana Onety Ramalho
    Lara Pepita de Souza Oliveira
    Laiana Dias Valente
    Flávia Cohen-Carneiro
    Diego Ferreira Regalado
    Danielson Guedes Pontes

    The objective of the present study was to assess the influence of energy and hydroelectrolytic beverages on the color stability and fluorescence of composite resins. After Amelogen, Filtek Z350 XT, and Filtek Bulk Fill specimens were immersed for 1 hour a day in distilled water (control), Red Bull, or Gatorade for 3 months, tests revealed that energy and hydroelectrolytic beverages altered both the color stability and fluorescence of the materials at all timepoints.

    2021 March/April; 69(2):40-46.

    Full Article (PDF)
    Self-Instruction Exercise No. GD472
  • Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Tooth autotransplantation in a diabetic patient with 2-year follow-up

    Manaf Omar Alhabshi
    Seba Attas
    Lojain Melebari
    Mohammed Parambil
    Jamal Kensara
    Mohammed Alturki
    Hassan Abed

    In the first reported case of tooth autotransplantation in a patient with diabetes mellitus, a nonrestorable, carious mandibular right second molar was extracted and replaced with the patient’s impacted mandibular right third molar. Clinical examination at the 2-year follow-up confirmed that the transplanted tooth was vital. 

    2021 March/April; 69:(2)48-50.

    Full Article (PDF)
  • Esthetics Management of gummy smile using botulinum toxin: a case series

    Letícia Machado Gonçalves
    Letícia Vasconcelos Costa
    Ana Paula Dias
    Emerson de Sousa Pinheiro
    Andréa Neves Lago
    Rafael Soares Diniz

    This case series describes injection of botulinum neurotoxin type A to treat 3 patients who had gummy smile caused by muscle hyperfunction. Fourteen days after treatment, all patients reported satisfaction with the outcome.

    2021 March/April; 69(2):52-55.

    Full Article (PDF)
  • Special Patient Care Munchausen syndrome: report of a case and implications for dentists

    Shehryar N. Khawaja
    Ahmed S. Sultan

    Munchausen syndrome (MunS), or factitious disorder imposed on self, is an exceedingly rare and difficult syndrome to identify and manage and is considered a diagnosis of exclusion. This article describes a case of MunS in a 60-year-old woman who sought treatment for bilateral jaw pain and uncontrolled jaw movements and addresses the identification of MunS, relevant courses of action, and the consequences of overdiagnosis of MunS.

    2021 March/April; 69(2):56-59.

    Full Article (PDF)
  • Oral Medicine, Oral Diagnosis, Oral Pathology Osteoblastoma of the mandible in a male patient: a case report

    Felipe Martins Silveira
    Juliana Romanini
    Ana Carolina Amorim Pellicioli
    Vinicius Coelho Carrard
    Marco Antonio Trevizani Martins
    Manoela Domingues Martins

    This case report describes the clinical, imaging, and histopathologic findings of an atypical osteoblastoma occurring in the mandible of a 60-year-old man. The characteristics of the lesion and the differential diagnosis from other bone pathoses are reviewed.

    2021 March/April; 69(2):60-63.

    Full Article (PDF)

    Endodontics Endodontic treatment of hypertaurodontic teeth with anatomical variations: case reports

    Francisca Lívia Parente Viana
    Tamara de Abreu Souza
    Marcelo Bonifácio da Silva Sampieri
    Bruno Carvalho de Vasconcelos

    Two case reports describe the endodontic treatment of molars presenting with hypertaurodontism. Teeth affected by taurodontism can be a clinical challenge due to their complex internal anatomy and accessory root canals, but endodontic treatment in both cases was successful due to the use of magnification, careful attention to internal anatomy, and meticulous procedures. 

    2021 March/April; 69(2):64-68.

    Full Article (PDF)
    Self-Instruction Exercise No. GD473