Table of Contents
Editorial Stay balancedRoger D. WinlandFull Article (PDF)
2017 Mar/Apr; 65(2):5.
Pharmacology The American Dental Association’s updated sedation and general anesthesia guidelines—is minimal sedation all about triazolam?Jason H. GoodchildFull Article (PDF)
2017 Mar/Apr; 65(2):6-11.
Prosthodontics Three-appointment protocol for implant hybrid prosthetics: using digital dentistry to reduce time for patient and clinicianSamuel M. StrongFull Article (PDF)
2017 Mar/Apr; 65(2):12-15.
Pharmacology Intranasal tetracaine and oxymetazoline spray for maxillary local anesthesia without injectionsMana SaraghiFull Article (PDF)
Elliot V. Hersh
2017 Mar/Apr; 65(2):16-19.
Pain Management Neuropathic pain and tooth painChristopher J. SpencerFull Article (PDF)
2017 Mar/Apr; 65(2):20-22.
2016 Reviewers General Dentistry expresses its gratitude for 2016 peer reviewers2017 Mar/Apr; 65(2):76-79.Full Article (PDF)
Self-Instruction Answers Exercises No. 382, 383, and 384 from the March/April 2016 issue2017 Mar/Apr; 65(2):80.Full Article (PDF)
Basic Science The effect of proanthocyanidins and chlorhexidine on the bond strength of glass fiber posts to root dentinFull Article (PDF)
Carla Cecilia Alandia-Román
Sergio Augusto de Freitas Vincenti
Francisca Daniele Jardilino Silami
Renata Espíndola Silveira
Gustavo da Col dos Santos Pinto
Fernanda de Carvalho Panzeri Pires-de-Souza
2017 Mar/Apr; 65(2):23-27.
In a study on the influence of different irrigant solutions—sodium hypochlorite (control), chlorhexidine (CHX), and grape seed extract (GSE)—applied before cementation, GSE and CHX improved the bond strength of glass fiber posts to root dentin.
Oral Medicine, Oral Diagnosis, Oral Pathology Prevalence of pathologic findings in the floor of the maxillary sinuses on cone beam computed tomography imagesFull Article (PDF)
Aline Fernanda Almeida Da Silva
Gontran Da Rocha Torres Fróes, Jr
Wilton Mitsunari Takeshita
Juliana Batista Melo Da Fonte
Maria De Fátima Batista De Melo
Saulo Leonardo Sousa Melo
2017 Mar/Apr; 65(2):28-32.
The maxillary sinuses of 500 subjects were analyzed by cone beam computed tomography to determine the prevalence of pathologic alterations. The most prevalent finding was mucosal thickening, followed by mucous retention pseudocyst, partial opacification, and total opacification. These anomalies may necessitate a modification in a treatment plan.
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Nerve damage in dentistryFull Article (PDF)
M. Anthony Pogrel
2017 Mar/Apr; 65(2):34-41.
The records of a referral center with more than 30 years’ experience in managing dental nerve injuries are used to provide an overview of etiology, prevention, criteria for referral, and treatment.
Basic Science Microwave radiation is effective at disinfecting dental stone surfaces without changing their physical propertiesFull Article (PDF)
Ariel José Bona
Mauro Gustavo Amaral Brito
José Augusto Rodrigues
Daiane Cristina Peruzzo
Fabiana Mantovani Gomes França
2017 Mar/Apr; 65(2):42-46.
Different microwave radiation regimens (3, 5, or 7 minutes’ exposure) were applied for disinfection of type IV dental stone surfaces, and the influence of these regimens on surface roughness and dimensional change was assessed. Exposure times of 5 and 7 minutes sterilized specimens exposed to Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, or Candida albicans. A 3-minute regimen successfully eradicated E coli and C albicans, but S aureus colonies were observed in 50% of Petri dishes. None of the regimens caused a significant difference in dimensions or surface roughness.
Cariology Effectiveness of casein phosphopeptide–amorphous calcium phosphate and lysozyme, lactoferrin, and lactoperoxidase in reducing Streptococcus mutans counts in dentinal cariesFull Article (PDF)
Sérgio Luiz Pinheiro
Giuliana Rodrigues Azenha
Giovana Spagnolo Albamonte de Araujo
Regina Maria Puppin Rontani
2017 Mar/Apr; 65(2):47-50.
The efficacy of casein phosphopeptide–amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) was compared to that of the combined enzymes lysozyme, lactoferrin, and lactoperoxidase (LLL) in reducing Streptococcus mutans counts. There was no significant reduction in the numbers of S mutans after application of CPP-ACP, but a significant reduction of S mutans was observed after 3 applications of LLL.
Self-Instruction Exercise No. 400
Appliance Therapy Anatomy of an occlusal splintFull Article (PDF)
Danny K. Crout
2017 Mar/Apr; 65(2):52-59.
This review incorporates principles of neurophysiology to assess several types of occlusal splint in relation to their design and function and discusses a unique occlusal splint with a design that is based on neurophysiology.
Self-Instruction Exercise No. 401
Endodontics Idiopathic external apical root resorption: clinical report of 2 casesFull Article (PDF)
Graziela Bianchi Leoni
Antonio Miranda da Cruz-Filho
Manoel Damião de Sousa-Neto
2017 Mar/Apr; 65(2):62-65.
Mineral trioxide aggregate was used in 2 patients for the treatment of mandibular molars with idiopathic external root resorption. Clinical and radiographic follow-up showed favorable results, including interrupted resorption and periradicular normality.
Special Patient Care Oral health considerations in a patient with oligosymptomatic ectrodactyly–ectodermal dysplasia–cleft syndromeFull Article (PDF)
2017 Mar/Apr; 65(2):66-69.
This article presents a rare case of oligosymptomatic ectrodactyly–ectodermal dysplasia–cleft syndrome in a 19-year-old man who exhibited atypical dental findings but no cleft lip or palate.
Oral Medicine, Oral Diagnosis, Oral Pathology Brown tumor: clinical findings of secondary hyperparathyroidism in patients with renal osteodystrophyFull Article (PDF)
Mairaira Teles Leão e Silva
Juliana da Silva Barros Cedraz
Caetano Guilherme Carvalho Pontes
Cleverson Luciano Trento
Bernardo Ferreira Brasileiro
Marta Rabello Piva
Fabiano Alvim Pereira
2017 Mar/Apr; 65(2):70-74.
A brown tumor is a nonneoplastic bony lesion associated with hyperparathyroidism and directly related to increased levels of parathyroid hormone. This article presents 3 cases of brown tumor localized in facial bones and details clinical strategies for diagnosis and management.
Pediatric Dentistry Pediatric dentists’ perspective of general dentists’ role in treating children aged 0-3 yearsFull Article (PDF)
Julie M. Coe
Al M. Best
Tegwyn H. Brickhouse
2017 Mar/Apr; 65(2):e1-e6.
A survey examined pediatric dentists’ perspectives on the types of dental services general dentists provide to children aged 0-3 years. Among the respondents, 58% agreed with general dentists’ providing an age 1 dental visit, but only 24% agreed with general dentists’ performing complex behavior management techniques, such as sedation, for very young patients.
Periodontics Clinical assessment of the gingival contours and proximal contact areas in the maxillary anterior dentitionFull Article (PDF)
Arshia Zainab A. Jameel Ahmed
Ashish S. Nichani
2017 Mar/Apr; 65(2):e7-e11.
The gingival line angle (GLA), proximal contact area (PCA), and other gingival parameters were measured to provide esthetic guidelines for clinicians. The mean GLAs of the left and right sides differed significantly, and the mean PCA decreased from mesial to distal sites bilaterally. There was a significant positive correlation between the GLA and the PCA.
Basic Science Microleakage and shear bond strength of a new sealant containing prereacted glass ionomer particlesFull Article (PDF)
Samuel N. Durham
Erik J. Meyers
Clifton W. Bailey
Kraig S. Vandewalle
2017 Mar/Apr; 65(2):e12-e16.
The microleakage and shear bond strength of a self-etching Giomer-based sealant (placed with or without phosphoric acid etching) were compared with those of a traditional resin sealant placed after phosphoric acid etching. When used alone, the Giomer system had significantly greater microleakage and lower bond strength than the traditional sealant or the Giomer material placed after acid etching.
Basic Science Influence of previous acid etching on bond strength of universal adhesives to enamel and dentinFull Article (PDF)
Carlos Rocha Gomes Torres
Rayssa Ferreira Zanatta
Tatiane Josefa da Silva
Maria Filomena Rocha Lima Huhtala
Alessandra Bühler Borges
2017 Mar/Apr; 65(2):e17-e21.
Acid etching pretreatment did not affect the bond strength of composite resin bonded with either of 2 universal adhesive systems to dentin and enamel.