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Participants must answer at least 12 of 15 questions correctly (80%) to earn CE credit.

Note: Exercise 994 is a special edition of the Self-Instruction Exercises and is only available to those members/nonmembers who attended the 2017 Scientific Session in Las Vegas. If you submit exercise 994 but did not attend the Scientific Session, the exercise will not be processed and your payment will be returned.

AGD - Self-Instruction Exercise No. 411 - Multi-Disciplinary Topics
The effects of oral health on systemic health

Self-Instruction Exercise No. 411
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Exercise No. 411
Subject Code: 149
Multi-Disciplinary Topics

The 15 questions for this exercise are based on the article The effects of oral health on systemic health on pages 30-34. This exercise was developed by Anthony S. Carroccia, DDS, MAGD, ABGD, in association with the General Dentistry Self-Instruction committee.

Reading the article and successfully completing this exercise will enable you to:

  • understand the link between oral microorganisms and overall health;
  • recognize how periodontal disease relates to cardiovascular diseases; and
  • understand the relationship between periodontal disease and pregnancy complications.

Answers for this exercise must be received by October 31, 2018.

  1. There may be more than ____ systemic diseases and ____ medications that have oral manifestations.

    A. 100; 500
    B. 1000; 5000
    C. 1000; 500
    D. 100; 5000

  2. The oral cavity has _________ species of bacteria, viruses, fungi, and protozoa.

    A. 500-700
    B. 700-900
    C. 900-1000
    D. 1000-1200

  3. According to the article, individuals with good oral hygiene have simple flora. It is dominated by gram-negative cocci and rods.

    A. Both statements are true.
    B. The first statement is true; the second is false.
    C. The first statement is false; the second is true.
    D. Both statements are false.

  4. Caries destroys tooth structure by releasing ________ acid.

    A. acetic
    B. hydrochloric
    C. lactic
    D. phosphoric

  5. Periodontal diseases are a collection of _____ immune-inflammatory diseases.

    A. acute
    B. chronic
    C. auto-
    D. non-

  6. Bacteria accumulate in probes and pull the gingiva away from the teeth. This triggers the body’s immune response, leading to damage of the periodontium.

    A. Both statements are true.
    B. The first statement is true; the second is false.
    C. The first statement is false; the second is true.
    D. Both statements are false.

  7. Approximately ___% of baby boomers will enter long-term care facilities with the majority of their own dentition.

    A. 25
    B. 50
    C. 75
    D. 100

  8. Atherosclerosis closes the arteries because of deposits of __________.

    A. cholesterol
    B. endothelium
    C. erythrocytes
    D. platelets

  9. Cardiovascular disease is responsible for _____% of deaths in the world.

    A. 29-31
    B. 39-41
    C. 50-52
    D. 70-72

  10. Each of the following is a traditional risk factor for cardiovascular disease except one. Which is the exception?

    A. diabetes
    B. dysrhythmias
    C. hypertension
    D. smoking

  11. Studies reveal that as many as ___% of healthy individuals inhale oropharyngeal contents while slumbering.

    A. 25
    B. 50
    C. 75
    D. 100

  12. The relationship between diabetes and periodontal disease is ___________.

    A. multidirectional
    B. tridirectional
    C. bidirectional
    D. unidirectional

  13. Prolonged exposure to hyperglycemia produces more _________ end products that have a systemic impact, leading to local inflammation and loss of connective tissue.

    A. insulin
    B. glucagon
    C. advanced glycation
    D. basal glycation

  14. Between __% and __% of pregnant patients will consult with a dentist during the pregnancy.

    A. 7; 19
    B. 22; 34
    C. 38; 50
    D. 51; 63

  15. The presence of maternal periodontal disease results in a ___ times greater risk for low birth weight of a baby.

    A. 5.0
    B. 7.5
    C. 50
    D. 75


Evaluation

Please respond to the statements below, using the following scale:
1 Poor; 2 Below average; 3 Average; 4 Above average; 5 Excellent

Practicality of the content 1 2 3 4 5
Benefit to your clinical practice 1 2 3 4 5
Quality of illustrations 1 2 3 4 5
Clarity of objectives 1 2 3 4 5
Clarity of exercise questions 1 2 3 4 5
Relevance of exercise questions 1 2 3 4 5
 
Did this exercise achieve its objectives? Yes No
Did this article present new information? Yes No
How much time did it take you to complete this exercise? mins


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